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Armenian is the state language of RA. The Armenian language is of Indo-European family, representing a stand-alone ramification of the family with one of the oldest scripts being created in the 5th century.

September 21, 1991 is the Day of Referendum for independence of Armenia. Based on the results of the referendum (99% voted for independence), the parliament (The Supreme Soviet of the Armenian SSR) adopted the Declaration of Independence and announced the independence of the Republic of Armenia.

The Flag: The law “On the State Flag of the Republic of Armenia” was adopted on August 24, 1990, by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Armenia. Following the constitutional reform of November 27, 2005, a new RA law on the National Flag of the Republic of Armenia was adopted on June 15, 2006. The national flag of the Republic of Armenia is a national emblem of the Republic of Armenia. The national flag of the Republic of Armenia is of three colors in stripes of the same width – red, blue, orange respectively from top to bottom. The Red emblematizes the Armenian Highland, the Armenian people”s continued struggle for survival, maintenance of the Christian faith, Armenia”s independence and freedom. The Blue emblematizes the will of the people of Armenia to live beneath peaceful skies. The Orange emblematizes the creative talent and hard-working nature of the people of Armenia. The width-length ratio of the flag is 1/2. Smaller and larger pieces of cloth proportionate to the one described in this section may be used.

The State: The Republic of Armenia is a sovereign, democratic, social, rule of law state. The state power is administered pursuant to the Constitution and the laws based on the principle of separation of the legislative, executive and judicial branches.

The Constitution: The first constitution was adopted on July 5, 1995, through a popular referendum. Current constitution was adopted on November 27, 2005, through a popular referendum.

The system of Government

The President:

The President of the Republic of Armenia is the head of State. The President ensures adherence to the Constitution and provides for regular functioning of legislative, executive and judicial authorities. The President is the guarantor of Republic of Armenia”s sovereignty, territorial integrity and security. The President of Republic is elected by the citizens of the Republic of Armenia for a five year term of office.

The Executive power:

Executive power is exercised by RA Government. The Government is composed of Prime Minister and Ministers. Based on consultations held with National Assembly factions, the President of Republic appoints the person nominated by the parliamentary majority to be Prime Minister or – where impossible – the person nominated by the largest number of NA membership. The President of the Republic appoints and discharges members of government on Prime Minister”s proposal.

The Legislative Power:

The single-chambered National Assembly is the supreme legislative authority of the Republic of Armenia. The National Assembly consists of 131 deputies /90 of which are elected on the basis of proportional representation and 41 – majority representation/. The National Assembly is elected through general elections for a term of five years. Parliamentary elections were last held on May 12, 2007.

The Judicial Power:

In the Republic of Armenia justice shall be administered solely by the courts in accordance with the Constitution and the laws. The courts operating in the Republic of Armenia are the first instance court of general jurisdiction, the courts of appeal, the Court of Cassation, as well as specialized courts in cases prescribed by the law. The highest court instance in the Republic of Armenia, except for matters of constitutional justice, is the Court of Cassation, which shall ensure uniformity in the implementation of the law. The Constitutional Court shall administer the constitutional justice in the Republic of Armenia. The independence of courts shall be guaranteed by the Constitution and laws. The Constitution and the law shall define the procedure for the formation and activities of the Council of Justice. The Office of the Prosecutor General in the Republic of Armenia represents a unified, centralized system, headed by the Prosecutor General. The Office of the Prosecutor General shall operate within the powers granted by the Constitution and on the basis of the law.

Capital City: Yerevan

Major Cities: Gyumri, Vanadzor

Administrative Division:

Ten marzes (provinces). Provinces and communities are the administrative/territorial units of the Republic of Armenia. The provinces comprise the rural and urban communities. The communities are elected for a three-year term with the purpose of administering community property and resolving issues of community significance. The city of Yerevan, according to the amended Constitution, possesses the status of a community. The mayor of Yerevan will be elected by the members of the City Council.

armenian foreign policy
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Foreign Policy of Armenia

The fundamental goal of the foreign policy strategy of Armenia is to create guarantees for the security and economic prosperity of our country and people, to provide for stability and lasting peace in our region. The policy is being conducted in accordance with the norms of international law and is geared to establish good neighborly, [...]

The military doctrine of the Republic Of Armenia

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Appendix of RA President Decree NH-308-N of December 25, 2007 PREFACE The Military Doctrine of the Republic of Armenia (hereinafter referred to as the «Doctrine») is a set of official views embracing the political-military, military-strategic, military-economic and military-technical basis for ensuring the military security of the Republic of Armenia . The Doctrine defines the political-military [...]

Armenian Government

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The Republic of Armenia is a sovereign, democratic, social, rule of law state. The state power is administered pursuant to the Constitution and the laws based on the principle of separation of the legislative, executive and judicial branches. The Constitution of the Republic of Armenia adopted on July 5, 1995, through a popular referendum provided [...]

The Executive Branch In Armenia

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Chapter 5, Article 85 of the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia states: “Executive power in the Republic of Armenia shall be vested in the Government of the Republic of Armenia. The Government shall be composed of the Prime Minister and the Ministers. The powers of the Government shall be determined by the Constitution and [...]

The Legislative Branch In Armenia

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Legislative power in the Republic of Armenia belongs to the National Assembly (Parliament), which implements its activities through sessions, permanent and temporary committees, as well as through its deputies. The National Assembly is a single-chamber representative body. Its members are elected by a combination of single member district and proportional representation. According to Chapter 4, [...]

The Judicial Branch In Armenia

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In the Republic of Armenia justice is carried out by Courts in accordance with the Constitution and the Law. In the Republic of Armenia, the courts of general competence are: courts of first instance, review courts and the Court of Appeals. There are also economic, military and other courts provided by the Law. The President [...]

armenian declaration of independence
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Declaration Of Independence

The Supreme Council of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic Expressing the united will of the Armenian people; Aware of its historic responsibility for the destiny of the Armenian people engaged in the realization of the aspirations of all Armenians and the restoration of historical justice; Proceeding from the principles of the Universal Declaration on Human [...]

Robert Kocharian
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President of Armenia (1998-2008)

Armenia is a republic with a presidential governing system. The president is the head of state. According to Chapter 3, Article 49 of the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia, “The President of the Republic of Armenia shall uphold the Constitution, and ensure the normal functioning of the legislative, executive and judicial authorities. The President [...]