Geographic location In the north-eastern part of the Republic of Armenia,between mountain chains of Pambak and Bazum, where Tandzut and Pambak rivers merge, at the height of 1 350 meters above the sea level, spreads a beautiful town of Vanadzor that has about 130 000 inhabitants. The distance from Yerevan, capital of the Republic, is [...]
Tourism places of historical interests
In Armenia one of the national treasures is the Matenadaran. The Matenadaran is a modern Museum-Library in Yerevan that houses over 100,000 great Armenian masterpieces such as ivory carvings dating back to the sixth century AD; documents; priceless illustrated manuscripts and Gospels of great beauty; works by Aristotle, Eusebius, Zeno, and other famous notables, ancient poems, and medical manuscripts.
As you approach the entrance of the Matenadaran, there is a statue of Mesrob Mashtots, the founder of the Armenian alphabet. There are also statues of historians, philosophers, scientists, and artists that stand like guardians along the front arches of the building. Inside the library, there are hand written parchment editions of Arabic, Ethiopian, Greek, Latin, Persian, Syriac, Hebrew, and other foreign authors. The Matenadaran was designed by Mark Grigorian in 1937.
As you continue to tour Yerevan, there is the Armenian Genocide Monument (Tzitzernakaberd), which was constructed to commemorate the 50 anniversary of the Genocide of one and half million Armenians, perpetrated by the Ottoman Turks, April 24, 1915. The eternal memorial flame inside the fortress at Tzitzernakaberd is surrounded by twelve imposing pylons representing the twelve provinces where Armenians were massacred. The flame burns to represent the Armenian spirit, which can never be extinguished. The monument, which means “Citadel of Swallows”, is named for a bird that always returns to its nest, even if its home has been destroyed. A massive outburst of Armenian emotion inspired the building of the memorial. The location of the monument creates a powerful feeling of sadness and solitude. People of all ages and professions visit the monument to express their respects to all those who perished in the genocide. A unique portion of the monument is the tall, needle-shaped shaft beside it, which represents the rebirth of the Armenian people. April 24 has been designated as Armenian Martyrs’ Day, and for many Armenians, it is the day that represents a time to renew their commitment to gain Turkish recognition of the genocide.
Another historic site to visit is Khor Virap. Khor Virap, which is built like a fortress, is where St. Gregory the Illuminator was imprisoned in a deep “Pit” for 14 years, by King Tiridates III in 287, after the saint refused to acknowledge the goddess Anahit. When you stand on the wall of Khor Virap you will have a breathtaking view of Mount Ararat.
A popular vacation area in Armenia is Lake Sevan. Lake Sevan is considered to be the largest fresh water lake in Armenia.; This year-round vacation resort is a popular place for swimming, sailing and other recreational activities. The beautiful lake is also the habitat of the trout-like fish called the Ishkhan, or prince fish, and is a source of hydroelectric power and irrigation for Armenia. The lake is 6286 feet above sea level, has a surface of 547 square miles, and is 312 feet deep. Almost twenty-five rivers and brooks flow into this lake.
The Monastery of Geghard is an intriguing place to visit. It is located in one of the hidden valleys of Armenia.The entire church complex of the thirteenth century Geghard Monastery is actually part of the land, and the caves and dark passageways are carved out of the face of the mountain. The caves of Geghard, or the Holy Lance, was a frequent visiting place of St. Gregory when he retreated to the area during his solemn prayers. Also, the ancient church at Geghard currently holds the Roman’s soldier’s lance that pierced Christ’s side during the Crucifixion.
One of the most famous monuments in Armenia is Sardarabad. Located approximately 15 miles from Echmiadzin, the Monument was built after the famous battle in May 26, 1918, to pay tribute to the Armenians who fought of the Turkish armies that invaded Armenia in 1918. It is an emotional place to visit when you see the magnificent architectural edifices that proclaim the victory of the battle. The statue of the ancient stone bulls with wings stand on either side of the monument as protectors of Armenia, walls, sculptures of poised eagles and stallions surrounded by flames, and the bell tower which was constructed in 1968 is a shrine to Armenians all over the world.
Finally, a visit to Holy Echmiadzin is a must! The district of Holy Echmiadzin is the Vatican City of Armenia, and the center of the Armenian Apostolic church traditionally believed to be established in 301. It is the current location of the Armenian Cathedral and Holy See. The Armenian Catholicos, or Pope, resides there. The significance of Echmiadzin means, “The place where the Only Begotten has descended.” The complex in Echmiadzin houses the Catholicos’s residence, the cathedral, a seminary, a museum, outdoor gardens, and many monuments. The Echmiadzin Museum exhibits ancient manuscripts, tapestries, jeweled icons, and other treasures.
After a visit to these places and more, Armenia will be with you forever. Pari Jamport (Good trip)!
Stepanavan, a small town with a population of 18,000 people, is located in the Lori Region. Including 18 surrounding villages, the population of the Stepanavan area totals 26,000. Stepanavan’s educational facilities include six secondary schools, one agricultural college, two universities, two music schools, one art school, two sports schools, a cultural center, and the “Stepanavan [...]
Jermuk (Djermuk, Safolar) – this resort town is in Vayotz Ashkharh (Armenian word for “world”). It is 163 km far from Yerevan. The name “Jermuk” originates from the mineral sources, which spring here, and means “hot water”. Seven sources were explored here in 1982 and all of them are of curative value. They mainly treat [...]
Sisian is in Zangezour region and borders, mainly, on Iran. It is 6km to south of the Yerevan – Goris – Stepanakert highway and expands on both banks of the Vorotan River. The town and the surroundings are very rich in archaeological and architectural monuments. The “Zorakarer” fortress-settlement is the ancient one (3-2mil. BC). The [...]
Its numerous monuments distinguish this ancient settlement in Gegharkounik region, on the shores of Sevan Lake. Visiting this site you cannot help admiring the medieval churches and monasteries such as Astvatsatsin (St.Vergin, IXc.) and Grigor Lousavorich (the Illuminator, IX-X cc), the establisher of Christianity as a State religion in Armenia. The most attractive is the [...]
According to N. Tokarski, the Kamsarakan family built the fortress and a part of the wall in the 7th century. The other parts of the citadel, referring back to the 10th century, belong to the Pahlavouni Dukes. In the times of the Bagratouni Kings the Citadel of Amberd was one of the most important strategic [...]
The ruins of this early medieval monument lie on the Yerevan – Echmiadzin motorway. Nerses Catholcos built the establisher of the Christianity in Armenia it in 641-643,on the site where the Armenian King Trdat met Grigor Lousavorich (Illuminator), the establisher of the Christianity in Armenia. This fine construction is now destroyed but remains of the [...]
Sardarapat is in Armavir region, near the border with Turkey. This memorial complex was built to commemorate the battle between Armenia and Turkey on 24 May 1918. The Turkish government’s aim was to capture and unite not only Western and Eastern Armenia and Transcaucasus but also to bring to the end its plan of genocide [...]
Early Iron Age settlement of Metsamor with a small but rich archaeological museum, is not far from Echmiadzin. The summit of the mound has an early first millennium BC sanctuary, and there are important remains of pits used for gravitational separation of iron from slag. A little further is a hill with 3rd millennium BC [...]
Mount Aragats is one of the highest mountains both in Caucasus and Armenia. It has four peaks, which are the northern 4096m, the western-4080m, the eastern-3916m and the southern-3879m. If you are brave enough and would like to test your hiking and climbing abilities then our experienced instructors will lead you in the ascent of [...]