Also known as Bagaran or Ditsavan, Bagaran is located on the right bank of the Akhurian River where it spills into the Arax River, south of Mren, about 9 kilometers north of the historical capital of Yervandashat. Formerly part of the Greater Armenian province of Arsharounik, Bagaran together with the province belonged to the Yervandouni family until the 190′s BC, the Kamsarakan family until the 8th century AD and Bagratuni family until the 11th century. According to historian Movses Khorenatsi, King Yervand IV moved the pagan temple from Armavir to Bagaran in the 2nd century BC planting the “Genesis” Forest and turned all of it into a reservation with surrounding walls.
Soon afterward Bagaran lost its political and social significance when King Artashes I, moved the religious center to Artashat. Sources say little about Bagaran until the 9th century. During the second half of the 9th century Bagaran’s importance grew when the Bagratuni’s controlled the area. It was destroyed by the Seljuk-Turks in 1048, captured by the Shah-Armens in the beginning of the 12th century and liberated by the united Armenian-Georgian army led by the Zakarians. Bagaran was once again laid to ruin by Tamerlane’s barbaric forces in 1349 that left behind a group of monuments that told the story of a once glorious past.
Left behind were remnants of fortress walls, pyramids, homes, and three churches, St. Thaddeus’ Church (624-631), St. George’s Church (built upon the tomb of General Gevorg Marzpetuni in 1030), and St. Shushan’s Church. Of these, St. Thaddeus’ Church, which was modeled after Holy Echmiadzin Cathedral and a prototype to many European monuments, is the most important for Armenian architectural history. The Bagratuni family cemetery is located in Bagaran where King Ashot Bagratuni I is buried.
Until 1915, Bagaran was a humble village in the region of Gars, which had 347 inhabitants who moved to the Yerevan area during the First World War. Today, in its place is the village of Bagran that is populated with Kurds.