Early Iron Age settlement of Metsamor with a small but rich archaeological museum, is not far from Echmiadzin. The summit of the mound has an early first millennium BC sanctuary, and there are important remains of pits used for gravitational separation of iron from slag. A little further is a hill with 3rd millennium BC carvings on the rock indicating the direction of the rising Sirius. The museum has a treasury in the basement exhibiting jewelry from chamber tombs around the site, and upstairs rooms’ display the full sequence of Armenian prehistoric pottery, including splendid black and red burnished vases.
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