Armenian History

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ANCIENT LAND AT GRIPS WITH ADVERSITY

The present-day Republic of Armenia occupies but a fraction of the ancient Armenia, which extended from the lesser Caucasus Mountains south across the Armenian plateau to the Taurus Mountains. Frequent earthquakes still remind us that the land lies near the great geological fault between the Asian and African subcontinent plates. The Armenian plateau is a highland which rises directly above its surrounding regions. Geography undoubtedly played a key role in the history and culture of Armenia. Forming an important coin of vantage and a highway of great value for trade and commerce between Asia and Europe, Armenia it seems was destined to be at grips with adversity. The land with its untold riches and its strategic position of primary import, stirred the ambitions of many “superpowers” of the region. For a succession of centuries, the Armenians were in constant warfare with invaders and conquerors – Assyrians, Romans, Byzantines, Parthians, Arabs and Turks – who rolled over their homeland, although certainly not without meeting the most stubborn resistance. Throughout these turbulent centuries, the Armenians successfully asserted their historical identity and upheld their national heritage against great odds. Although on occasions overpowered by superior forces and reduced to the status of vassals, they nevertheless enjoyed a semblance of national autonomy. Yet, the very vicissitudes that troubled its existence contributed to the creation of a varied and original culture, held together by the constants of social. intellectual and religious institutions.


  1. ORIGINS OF THE ARMENIAN NATION
  2. URARTU, THE FIRST KINGDOM IN ARMENIA
  3. PERSIAN RULE
  4. ARMENIA PARTITIONED
  5. THE RENAISSANCE OF ARMENIA, TIGRAN THE GREAT
  6. THE ARSACID DYNASTY
  7. THE FIRST CHRISTIAN STATE IN THE WORLD
  8. BATTLE FOR FAITH
  9. THE BAGRATID DYNASTY
  10. THE CILICIAN KINGDOM OF ARMENIA
  11. PERSIAN RULE IN EASTERN ARMENIA
  12. OTTOMAN EMPIRE AND THE GENOCIDE
  13. THE FIRST REPUBLIC AND THE SOVIET REGIME
  14. INDEPENDENCE
  15. THE ARMENIA DIASPORA IN THE LAST HUNDREAD YEARS (1895 – 1994)
  16. ARMENIANS IN EASTERN EUROPE
  17. ARMENIANS IN WESTERN EUROPE
  18. ARMENIANS IN THE MIDDLE EAST
  19. ARMENIANS IN SOUTH ASIA AND AUSTRALIA
  20. ARMENIANS IN SOUTH AMERICA
  21. ARMENIANS IN NORTH AMERICA

Related articles:

  1. Armenian Diaspora in the Last Hundred Years (1895-1994)
  2. Armenians in South Asia and Australia
  3. Armenians in South America
  4. Persian rule in eastern Armenia (until 1828 A.D.)
  5. Armenians in Eastern Europe
  6. The Cilician Kingdom of Armenia (1080-1375 A.D.)
  7. Armenian Literature

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